Copyright 1994 by the CREATION RESEARCH SOCIETY (CRS), Inc.
*Creation Research Society Quarterly*, Volume 31, Number 2
                 (September, 1994)
note: Article titles are in quotes. 
      Abstracts are enclosed by [[ ]].
"The wisdom of saving wisdom teeth." by Jerry Bergman, Ph.D. 
pp. 74-77.  
[[ Evolutionary theory concludes that humans evolved from 
ape-like ancestors, and in the process the jaw became smaller, 
leaving less room for the third molars. This conclusion was a 
major factor in the common past dental practice to remove 
relatively healthy wisdom teeth during adolescence. Recent 
empirical research has shown that this practice is unwise and 
often needless. Third molars in general should be left alone, 
and if a problem develops, they should be treated as any other 
teeth. ]]
"Polytropic model of the universe." by J.K. West, Ph.D. pp.
[[ The universe is either expanding or it is not. If it is 
expanding then the Big Bang may have been the cause. If it is not
expanding then the Big Bang did not occur. In recent literature, 
there has been a significant number of objections and problems 
concerning the Big Bang. In this work, a non-expanding polytropic 
model of the universe is presented that can account for many of 
the observations previously attributed to the Big Bang, and some 
observations that cannot be explained if the Big Bang did 
occur. ]]
"Bangs Canyon -- a valley of boulders." by Edmund W. Holroyd,
III, Ph.D.  pp. 99-109.  
[[ Large boulders of Dakota sandstone are strewn completely 
across a broad valley in Bangs Canyon in western Colorado. The 
boulders near the bases of the sandstone cliffs at the valley 
sides form talus. The rest of the boulder distribution may be 
remnants of a rapid process that carved the valley. Giant 
boulders scattered as far away as 800 m from the cliff face seem 
to provide a counterexample to other Colorado Plateau cliffs 
where the talus stops abruptly near the base. This region has 
additional geologic features, such as peneplain erosion of the 
Precambrian strata; salt, coal, and uranium deposits; and the 
large range of aeolian, riverine, lacustrine, marine, and 
igneous deposits, which will be of interest for future studies 
by creationists. ]]
"The 1993 Midwest floods and rapid canyon formation." by Glen W.
Wolfrom, Ph.D.  pp. 109-116.  
[[ The processes which creationists postulate may be responsible 
for rapid canyon formation were vividly demonstrated during the 
floods which occurred in the Midwest during the summer of 1993. 
Erosion damage to spillways at three sites is described: Tuttle 
Creek Lake on the Big Blue River at Manhattan, Kansas; Coralville 
Lake on the Iowa River at Coralville/Iowa City, Iowa; and Milford 
Lake on the Republican River near Junction City, Kansas. Each 
location involved not only the removal of overburden, but also 
rapid erosion of the underlying strata. Details of duration, 
water volume, and water flow rates are presented and, where 
possible, these data are compared to those of prehistoric flood 
catastrophes. It is shown that extensive erosion in a short 
period of time is possible even in relatively well-consolidated 
and lithified strata, and that the pattern of erosion sometimes 
is remarkably similar to certain features found in the Grand 
Canyon. Additionally, brief descriptions of strata and fossils 
are provided. ]]
"The use of trace fossils in refining depositional environments
and their application to the creationist model." by Jack H.
Cowart, M.S., and Carl R. Froede, Jr., B.S., P.G.  pp. 117-124.
[[ Trace fossils are evidence left by animals in the rock record
(such as tracks, trails, burrows, and borings) that can be used
by the creationist modeler to: 1) more accurately interpret
depositional environments and 2) more confidently defend the
creationist model. Trace fossils are useful in these regards
because they reflect animal responses to a wide variety of
environmental conditions, such as abundance of nutrients, photic
levels, salinity, temperature, pressure, oxygen levels, and
predators, to which lithologic materials cannot easily respond.
Trace fossils are important because: 1) they are found in
numerous rocks devoid of body fossils, 2) they have a narrow
facies range, 3) they are almost never transported, and 4) they
span most, if not all, of the sedimentary record. By being able
to interpret these "contemporaneous witnesses," the creationist
modeler has another "arrow in the quiver" in the argument
against the concepts of uniformitarianism and geological
evolution. ]]
= "The history of Life" by Lane Lester. [An article written in a 
"popular" style which readers are invited to copy and distribute 
(church bulletin insert, classroom handout, "tract," etc.). 
= Human mind and language (Jerry Bergman)
= Rapid deposition of thin laminae sediments (Emmett L. Williams
= Virginia triassic basins, dinosaur footprints, and 
catastrophism (Eugene F. Chaffin)
= Human fossils (Marvin L. Lubenow)
= Comments on "Underwater mudcracks" (Carl R. Froede)
= Can ecosystems evolve (Eric J. Blievernicht)
= CompuServe debates (Lucky W. Leavell, Jr.)
= Van Andel Research Center Director's Column
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